Tendencias y Estudios / Convergencia y sostenibilidad

Charging up India’s electric vehicles : infrastructure deployment and power system integration

India has embarked on an ambitious path towards more sustainable mobility by promoting the electrification of its transport sector. The push for electric vehicles is driven by the global agenda established under the Paris Climate Agreement to reduce carbon emissions, and by the national agenda, which includes improvement of air quality in its urban areas, reduction of dependence on oil imports, and encouragement of the local EV manufacturing sector.

Currently, EVs represent a minimal share with approximately 750,000 vehicles. Amongst the different vehicle characteristics, public buses, taxi fleets, 2-wheelers and three-wheelers are expected to be the first adopters of EVs. As the country is at an early stage of EV deployment, public charging infrastructure is still limited. In this regard, the Ministry of Power has already identified 9 major cities and 11 intercity routes as pilots to enable EV charging infrastructure. Similarly, a number of states have also started introducing policies to promote EV adoption and charging infrastructure deployment. The rapid growth in EV uptake required to reach India’s policy targets will have to address two major challenges.